Analysis of oil consumption under industrialization of different regimes—an empirical study based on Path-STR model
Chinese Journal of Management Science,Vol 25,No. 11
The economic globalization and the complexity of the oil demand-supply system complicate the relationship between oil consumption and its influencing factors. In this paper the overall factor, structural factors and price factor which affect the oil consumption are obtained based on literature review and theoretical analysis. Then, the path analysis using the statistical data from 1995 to 2015 is applied to calculate the direct impact, indirect impact and total impact of various factors on oil consumption. The results indicate that economic growth, industrialization and international crude oil prices are the main influencing factors of oil consumption. The Johansen test suggests that there is a long-term and stable relationship between these four variables. Next, the smooth transition regression (STR) method is employed to further examine the effect of factors on oil consumption and the following conclusion are drawn. Firstly, there is a nonlinear relationship between industrialization and oil consumption. Its obvious dynamic characteristics with regime conversion can be described by LSTR2 model perfectly. Secondly, when the first lagged industrialization dLnind t − 1 is in the regime of below −0.0045 or in the high regime of above 0.0228, the first lagged industrialization have a negative impact on the oil consumption, and the nonlinear feature is most obvious. While the first lagged industrialization is in the mid-regime, the effect of industrialization on oil consumption is gradually shifted from the negative and passive influence to the stably linear and positive influence. The results also suggest that this nonlinear relationship makes economic growth and international oil price have a complex impact on oil consumption in economic-energy systems. This provides reference for China to make economic policies adapting to energy conservation and energy structure optimization in different industrial periods.
Psychological capital, emotional adaptation and college students’ Internet addiction: analysis on the total effect moderation model based on gender differences
Youth Studies,No. 03
Based on the revised version of College Student Adaptability Inventory, Internet Addiction Test and Positive Psychological Capital Questionnaire, this paper studies college students’ Internet addiction, and the influencing mechanisms of gender, personal emotional adaptation and psychological capital. According to the results, the psychological capital is the important negative factor which influences college students’ Internet addiction, its direct effect is not moderated by gender; the personal emotional adaptation has significant negative effects on Internet addiction, it has partial mediation effects on the relationship between psychological capital and internet addiction; regarding the personal emotional adaptation, its mediation effect is moderated by gender in two stages. In terms of the relationship between psychological capital and Internet addiction, this indirect relationship is more significant among male students comparing to female students. The findings would be helpful to clarify the concrete mechanism of the psychological capital’s effect on Internet addiction and the gender difference in this relationship.
Youth Studies,No. 05
The migrant adolescents’ crime is the main body of juvenile delinquency. It is also a prominent social problem in the process of urbanization in China. Therefore, it is of great significance to conduct the study of migrant adolescents’ crime prevention. Based on the baseline survey data from China Education Panel Survey (2013–2014), this study investigates the students of the first grade in middle school, and applies the quantitative research method to compare and analyze the condition of social bond between migrant adolescents and local adolescents. According to the research results, for the migrant adolescents, their scores in attachment and belief are significantly lower than local adolescents, while there are no differences in commitment and involvement between them. On this basis, we try to put forward the intervention strategy to prevent the migrant adolescents’ delinquency from the perspective of social work services.
Youth Studies,No. 06
Based on the survey data from Questionnaire on Family Parenting among the Parents of Primary School Students in Shanghai, this study tries to explore whether raising two-child could dilute the family resources, the raising features of two-child family and the influencing factors. According to the results, in the process of raising children in two-child family, there exists some dilution effect in economic resources, but the allocation of educational resources might not decrease due to raising two children. Compared with one-child parents, two-child parents are more satisfied with parent-child relationship, and they have more active evaluation of the children’s individuality. Regarding the different types of two-child family, the parents rearing two boys have more negative parenting experience, while the parents rearing two girls have more positive parenting experience. In addition, the factors including the educational level of parents, parenting role, birth order and negative life events could influence raising the two-child.
Youth Studies,No. 06
The self-determination theory has divided the goals into intrinsic goals and extrinsic goals according to the contents of goals. The intrinsic goals regard self-development and growth as pursued goals, accomplishing these goals could improve growth and perfection of personality and cognition. While the extrinsic goals regard obtaining external rewards or social desirability as pursued goals. The pursuit of these goals is more related with externally settled standards. Using the questionnaire of the mobile client, this study investigated 15780 users. According to the results, the pursuit of intrinsic goals could enhance the individuals’ well-being, especially the meaning well-being, increase positive emotion, decrease negative emotion, and have positive correlation with physical health. While the pursuit of extrinsic goals could significantly enhance the pleasure well-being and meaning well-being to some extent, but meanwhile it could also increase the experience of negative emotion, decrease the experience of positive emotion, and have positive correlation with poor physical condition. Generally speaking, the pursuit of intrinsic goals could bring the physical and mental health in good condition to the individuals.