Journal of Beijing Sport University,Vol 39,No. 02
Exercise as punishment is an educational punishment method prevailing both at home and abroad. The overcorrection of school educational punishment in the contemporary society makes the moral education practice of school fall into predicament. To enrich the moral education theory of school, by literature review, logical analysis and other methods, we summarized the research on exercise as punishment both at home and abroad. It is found that despite a lack of relevant education law support, exercise as punishment is still one of the education or management means prevailing in the world today. Comparatively, the research on exercise as punishment in China has not developed special research field yet. On the basis of the human nature theory and moral standard theory about educational punishment, we discussed the legitimacy and operation principle of schools’ exercise as punishment. This research believed that school education cannot survive without reasonable punishment support. Against the background of crisis in the current school educational punishment, exercise as punishment is a relatively ideal educational punishment means. The application of exercise as punishment should follow such operation principles as punishment by agreement, subjective value and inter–subjective value, unity and difference of punishment standards, less punishment but more warning, no personal insult, and punishment against the “evil” but not the “slow.” We attempt to provide theoretical instruction to the practice related to school education and trigger more special and in–depth research on exercise as punishment.
Journal of Contemporary Asia-Pacific Studies,No. 01
In response to challenges posed by China’s growing influence and the increasing importance of the Asia-Pacific region, to maintain America’s leading position and influence in the region and on the global stage, the Obama administration initiated rebalancing strategy. The strategy is intended to bolster and improve American presence and influence in the Asia-Pacific region. With respect to China’s territorial disputes in the South China Sea and East China Sea, the strategy has significant implications, especially considering that some claimant states of the maritime disputes are close alliances of the United States. As America’s involvement in the disputes and presence in the region increases, the disputes and relations between China and other states will be much complicated and China will face greater diplomatic pressure; the strategy will to some extent offset the advantages gained by China with its increasing capability and may even prompt the other claimant states to adopt risky and opportunist behaviors, further complicating and even exacerbating the disputes and China’s external environment. At the same time, America’s growing military presence increases the risk of the direct confrontation and conflicts between the U.S. and China. However, to some extent, America’s strategic attention to the disputes and the region and its continuous presence can also help to curb some risky behaviors of relevant states and escalation of the disputes.
History of Chinese Philosophy,No. 03
Life and death is the ultimate philosophical question, on which the academia has carried out a myriad of research from the perspective of ontology, mind-nature theory, ethics, and existence of soul. This paper takes a new perspective, the view of time, and explores its intrinsic relation with view of life and death. The analysis begins by introducing problems the view of time as measurable, which originated from ancient Greece and prevails in modern society, and the corresponding view of life and death face in understanding the continuity of life phenomena, transcending the limit of life, and conquering the fear for death; the paper then focuses on the text of Zhuangzi, examining the relationship between the view of time and view of life and death expressed in it, as well as its implications for solving the mentioned problems facing the view of life and death formed under the influence of the view of time as measurable.
Zhang Jiucheng’s interpretation to “attainment of knowledge and investigation of things” in Great Learning under the philosophy of the mind
History of Chinese Philosophy,No. 03
Since Zhu Xi divided the structure of Great Learning into two parts, namely, Confucian classics and commentaries on them, and also made some supplements to “investigation of things and attainment of knowledge,” the eight entries from investigation of things to putting the world in order gradually became a prevailing interpretation to cultivation of moral character in sequence. Zhang Jiucheng, as a major thinker of the transformation from neo-Confucianism to the philosophy of mind, took the mind as the basis of the framework of his thoughts and Confucian classics. His analysis of the structure and thought of the eight entries of Great Learning was very characteristic, involving nine entries from attainment of knowledge, interpretation of things, carrying knowledge to the utmost, to running the state and putting the world in order, all of which were governed by attainment of knowledge. What attainment of knowledge is meant, as the core of the study of cultivation of moral character in Great Learning, is to recognize and extend the principles of the mind to things. Zhang Jiucheng’s interpretation of “investigation of things and attainment of knowledge” can reveal the epochal characteristics that he formed a connecting link between the Dao Nan school and the study of the mind of Lu Jiuyuan and Wang Yangming.
Management World,No. 02
The relationship between governance mechanism and investment horizon is an important and still controversial theme. Current studies, based on examining R&D input, have two defects including basic assumption and research context. The study divides R&D input into short-term and long-term components according to payback period, designs a theory model deriving from SEW perspective comparing the compatibility of dominant alliance’s goal with firm’s goal through examining the R&D investment of private firm in the transition economy, and probes into the relationship between family control and investment horizon under the new normal. Based on ACFIC survey sample, the study found the short-term R&D intensity in family business is lower than that in non-family business, and the long-term R&D intensity in family business is higher than that in non-family business; the growth rate of long-term investment in family business exceeds that in non-family business and the growth rate of short-term investment is lower in family business when the R&D input is increased; the industrial technological dynamic negatively moderates the relationship between family business and long-term R&D intensity as well as positively moderates the relationship between family business and short-term R&D intensity. The results indicate that in the decision-making model of loss aversion, the goal compatibility is a determining factor in investment decision, and reveal the feature of investment horizon in family business from the time dimension: financially, family business combines risk-seeking in long-term and risk aversion in short-term; meanwhile, the feature is positively moderated by the abundant resource and negatively moderated by the industrial technological dynamic. The study provides an integrated theory framework about family business’s R&D decision.