Sponsor(s):China Sport Science Society
12 issues per year
Current Issue: Issue 01, 2019
China Sport Science, launched in 1981, is the official publication of China Sport Science Society and hosted by China Sport Science Society. General Administration of Sport is its authorities concerned. Under the new background of sports development, the journal aims at publishing more high-level research results which reveals the development of sports science in China. More academically innovative and pratically significant papers are expected to inject new vitality into this influential and comprehensive sports academic journal.
Execute editor in chief
YANG Hua, DU Li-jun, WANG Qing, LI Xiao-xian
Editorial board of members
WANG Jin, WANG Jia-hong, CONG Hu-ping, FENG Lian-shi, LV Wan-gang, REN Hai, JIANG Chong-min, LIU Da-qing, LIU Yu, LIU Xing, LI Guo-ping, LI Hong-jiang, JI Liu, SU Ming-li, CHEN Wei, CHEN Pei-jie, ZHANG Li-wei, ZHANG Zhong-qiu, WU Mou-tian, ZHAO Guang-sheng, ZHONG Bing-shu, YAO Jia-xin, AO Ying-fang, CHANG Yun, HUANG Han-sheng, ZHANG Jian-cheng, XIE Min-hao, BAO Ming-xiao
Integration, reciprocity, and symbiosis: a study on mechanism and path of symbiosis between sport and medical health care
China Sport Science,2019,Vol 39,No. 01
Integrated sport-medical care has become the key to implementing the national fitness strategy and an effective method to promote the construction of Healthy China. By using several research methods, including the literature review, interviews with experts, and case studies, this paper, based on the analysis of issues including a lack of symbiotic units, the weak linkage, and the poor symbiotic environment, the authors investigated the symbiotic units, the symbiotic model, and the symbiotic environment for the development of integrated sport-medical care to explore the mechanism for integrated symbiosis between sport and medical care. Guided by the mechanism, the authors further investigated the path to developing integrated sport-medical care. This study has the following suggestions. The mechanism for forming ideological consensus provides ideological guidance for integrated symbiosis between sport and medical care, the mechanism for inter-department collaboration provides organizational guarantee, the mechanism for sharing responsibilities provides governance strategies for integrated symbiosis between sport and medical care, and the mechanism for sharing resources provides the path through which integrated symbiosis between sport and medical care evolves. Based on these findings, the authors propose the following. Symbiotic units should be improved, symbiotic linkages should be strengthened, model for integrated, mutualism should be optimized, a positive symbiotic environment should be created, and a symbiotic interface should be secured. At the same time, practices of exercise prescription should be promoted, science-based fitness guidance should be enhanced, and sports-health instructors should be developed. In addition, the authors reviewed the value of integrated traditional sports and Chinese medicine in today’s world and the path through which symbiosis between traditional sports and Chinese medicine develops to support a thorough integration of national fitness and national health in China.
The study of Zhejiang experience in Chinese swimming and generational success of American competitive swimming
China Sport Science,2019,Vol 39,No. 01
The main experience of Zhejiang Swimming can be refined as follows. Firstly, the fundamental attributes of the growth cycle of athletes are comprehended from three different levels, namely, beginner, intermediate and elite. Secondly, the key elements that determine talents are measured during the critical stage of developing elites. Thirdly, two-level coaching teams at beginner and provincial levels are the underlying assurance of overall success of Zhejiang Swimming. Fourthly, as for the way of cultivating excellent athletes, independent routine is explored in terms of symbiotic effect, expectancy effect and the effect of passing on from master to disciple. Then, the reasons for generational success of American competitive swimming are also summarized as follows. Firstly, the American method of management shows high efficiency of the whole nation system, in which the horizontal cooperation among club, school, state swimming association and national swimming association gives rise to a large population of swimmers. Secondly, all competition area network systems are classified longitudinally via different performance levels and horizontally via different districts. An abundance of competitions provide access to develop talented children and athletes. Also, school is the cradle of good and elite athletes. Thirdly, the type of training system indicates the cooperation and division between schools and clubs. Coaches from kindergarten to university level must be certified. The athletes are all professional except student athletes. Fourthly, the regulations to be a coach are very strict. Coaches must earn enough points annually to remain certified. American coaches are often already experts in biomechanics and psychology and can utilize these skills within their training methods. Finally, some common questions are tracked down comparing American and Chinese swimming, such as, sports training in early childhood, family participation and cultivation mode.
Government responsibilities for modernizing sports governance system and capacity in the new era: an analysis based on meta-governance theory and sports reform practice
China Sport Science,2019,Vol 39,No. 01
By means of document research, practical investigation, logical analysis and other research methods, this study focuses on governmental responsibilities for modernizing sport governance system and governance capacity and holds the view that the modernization of sport governance relies on the combination of the past, the present and the future, the proper cognition of multiple subjects’ status and positive interaction, and rational disposition of the relation between “what it is” and “what it should be.” The incomplete equivalence of governance theory in the Western context and Chinese context is analyzed. Based on meta-governance theory, this study holds that the governmental responsibilities for sport governance modernization should include the following content: developing people-centered sports, constructing legal and service-oriented governments; laying more emphasis on interior meta-governance, carrying out good policies in sports and constructing a “strong government” in sports; making more efforts in supporting and optimizing social organizations and market subjects of sports to expand the “sport-great-society”; and achieving the wide participation of “government-market-society-individual” in sports governance to promote the meta-synergy of governance. Moreover, after observing the reform practices of General Administration of Sport of China, this study discusses the responsibilities of the government and its defects in realizing governance modernization. In general, although General Administration of Sport of China has achieved the infrastructure on the conscious level and the top design level, problems still exist: the general awareness of reform needs to be enhanced, the mechanism for the general public to participate in sport governance should be redesigned, the interior governance mechanism of the government is still deficient, and operational dilemma is encountered when breeding governance subjects. Based on the aforementioned, a series of optimization approaches are put forward in this article: the government should balance its responsibility goal in sports, carry out the integral governance of sport administration, implement self-governance of social market subjects, facilitate synergized inter-construction among multiple subjects, propel the legal process of sport governance, and strengthen the guarantee system for meta-governance.