Industrial Emission Characteristics and Control Countermeasures of VOCs in Chinese Rapid Economic Development Areas

MENG Bo-wen1,2,3 LI Yong-bo4 MENG Jing2,3 LI Qian-qian2,3 SHI Bin2,3 ZHOU Xi-bin1 LI Jin-ling1 SU Gui-jin2,3

(1.College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China 730070)
(2.Research Center for Eco-Environment Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China 100085)
(3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China 100049)
(4.Luannan County Branch of Tangshan Ecology and Environment Bureau, Tangshan, Hebei Province, China 063500)

【Abstract】With the rapid development of China’s economy, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as the precursors of smog and ozone, have aroused increasing concern, especially in rapidly developing areas. This paper is a systematic analysis of VOC emissions and distribution trends in 12 typical industrial sectors, garbage, and wastewater treatment plants, integrated industrial parks, and residential districts in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, Yangtze River Delta, and Pearl River Delta. The results showed that pharmaceutical, rubber, and paint spraying industries were the top three among the 12 typical ones, with the average VOC emission concentrations of 541, 499, and 450 mg·m−3, respectively. By comparison, the average emission concentrations of VOCs from the pharmaceutical industry in the Yangtze River Delta and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region were about 112 and 1.00 × 103 mg·m−3, respectively. The paint spraying industry in the Pearl River Delta exhibited the highest emission, with an average concentration of 1.04 × 103 mg·m−3. The investigation on the distribution of different VOC categories indicated that the highly toxic aromatic hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons accounted for the highest proportions in the paint spraying and pharmaceutical industries, reaching 55.99% and 26.57%, respectively. Additionally, among the three major economic zones, the VOC concentration was the lowest in the residential areas and integrated industrial parks of the Yangtze River Delta but the highest in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, consistent with the distribution of industrial emissions in each region. Moreover, the research revealed that VOC concentration in the residential districts experienced a fluctuating reduction from 2002 to 2018. The significant reduction since 2016 suggested that the formulated policies, laws, and standards, along with the performed techniques, have made significant contributions to the control of VOCs.

【Keywords】 rapid economic development regions; volatile organic compounds (VOCs); industrial sector; emission characteristics; distribution trend;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFC1800300) Chengdu Science and Technology Project (2018-ZM01-00019-SN) National Natural Science Foundation of China (21876193) Project of Youth Innovation Promotion Association, Chinese Academy of Sciences

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This Article

ISSN:0250-3301

CN:11-1895/X

Vol 42, No. 03, Pages 1023-1038

March 2021

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Abstract

  • 1 Materials and methods
  • 2 Results and discussions
  • 3 Conclusions
  • References