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“双碳”目标下的化石能源高效清洁利用

吕清刚1,2 柴祯1

(1.中国科学院工程热物理研究所, 北京 100190)
(2.中国科学院大学工程科学学院, 北京 100049)

【摘要】在碳达峰、碳中和(以下简称“双碳”)目标下,化石能源利用面临新挑战。文章梳理总结了目前我国化石能源利用现状,立足我国能源资源状况,提出了“双碳”约束下化石能源高效清洁利用思路,从煤炭高效燃烧与转化、石油天然气高效利用及煤化工“三废”处理方面提出技术发展建议,以期为“双碳”目标实现和新型能源系统构建提供科技支撑。

【关键词】 化石能源;高效清洁;低碳化;技术建议;碳中和;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA29010600);

Highly Efficient and Clean Utilization of Fossil Energy under Carbon Peak and Neutrality Targets

LV Qinggang1,2 CHAI Zhen1

(1.Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190)
(2.School of Engineering Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049)

【Abstract】Fossil energy utilization faces new challenges under carbon peak and carbon neutrality (“dual carbon” for short) targets. In this study, the present status of fossil energy utilization in China is summarized. Based on the situation of energy resources in China, the idea of highly efficient and clean utilization of fossil energy under “dual carbon” constraints is proposed. The technical development suggestions are put forward from three aspects including efficient combustion and conversion of coal, efficient utilization of oil and gas, and waste treatment of the chemical processing of coal. It aims to provide scientific and technological support for the realization of “dual carbon” targets and the construction of a new energy system.

【Keywords】 fossil energy; highly efficient and clean utilization; low carbon; technical suggestion; carbon neutrality;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA29010600);

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This Article

ISSN:1000-3045

CN:11-1806/N

Vol , No. 04, Pages 541-548

April 2022

Downloads:24

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 The status and role of fossil fuels in supporting energy transformation
  • 2 Fossil fuel utilization in China
  • 3 Challenges of fossil fuel utilization under “dual carbon” targets
  • 4 Ideas for efficient and clean utilization of fossil energy under “dual carbon” targets
  • 5 Suggestions for the development of technologies for efficient and clean fossil energy utilization towards “dual carbon” targets
  • 6 Conclusions
  • References