Exhaust gas recirculation improving economic and emission properties of cylinder diesel generator fueled with biodiesel

LIANG Yu1,2 Zhang Tao2 Zhong Liqiong2 Xu Mingfei2 Peng Jun2 Pi Xiang2

(1.College of Mechanical Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou Province, China 550025)
(2.College of Mechanical Engineering, Guiyang University, Guiyang, Guizhou Province, China 550005)

【Abstract】In order to study the effect on the performance of a single-cylinder diesel generator fueled with biodiesel using exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), the experiment was carried out with a single-cylinder air-cooled four-stroke diesel generator fueled with diesel and biodiesel under the EGR rates of 0, 16% and 28%, respectively, and the economy, the oxynitride (NOx), hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emission characteristics and the light absorption coefficient of exhaust were tested and analyzed. The secondary fuel tank was added on the diesel engine, and the fuel supply and test system as well as the EGR pipe were refitted. In the tests, diesel was the commercially available No. 0 diesel, and biodiesel was produced by Yunnan Ying-Ding Bioenergy Company from waste oil. The results showed that the appropriate EGR rate may slightly reduce diesel fuel consumption, for small load corresponded to a smaller EGR rate and high load corresponded to a larger EGR rate. The biodiesel fuel consumption was higher than diesel, and the average biodiesel fuel consumption in volume was about 9%, 10% and 17% higher than that of diesel, respectively, when using 0, 16% and 28% EGR rates. With the increase in EGR rate, the NOx emission reduced. The NOx emission could be reduced by about 17% and 35% when fueled with diesel, and could be reduced by about 10% and 24% when fueled with biodiesel under the 16% and 28% EGR rates respectively compared with that under the zero EGR rate. Moreover, the biodiesel NOx emissions were about 6.5% and 17% higher than diesel under the 16% and 28% EGR rates respectively. With the increase in EGR rate, the HC emission increased obviously when fueled with diesel. The HC emission when using biodiesel was decreased by about 6% on average than that using diesel under the 16% EGR rate, and by about 28.5% under the 28% EGR rate. The CO emission was higher at no load, the lowest at middle–high load, and the highest at full load. The CO emission decreased gradually from no load to middle–high load, and increased significantly form middle–high load to full load. With the increase in EGR rate, the CO emission increased obviously when fueled with diesel and increased slightly when fueled with biodiesel. The biodiesel CO emission was slightly lower than diesel from low load to middle–high load under the 0 and 16% EGR rates, and obviously lower than diesel at every load under the 28% EGR rate. Moreover, the CO emission of biodiesel was about 24% lower than that of diesel on average under the 28% EGR rate. The light absorption coefficient of exhaust was lower at no load and middle–high load. The light absorption coefficient firstly increased obviously from no load to low-middle load, then decreased gradually to middle–high load, and then increased significantly to full load. With the increase in EGR rate, the light absorption coefficient increased when fueled with biodiesel; however, the trend was not obvious when fueled with diesel. The light absorption coefficient of biodiesel was higher than that of diesel at small and medium engine load. Compared with the vehicle diesel engine, diesel generator’s rotation speed was more stable, and the scope and frequency of load changes were lower. Therefore, biodiesel is more readily available in the practical application of diesel generators.In order to study the effect on performance of a single-cylinder diesel generator fueled with biodiesel using EGR(exhaust gas recirculation),the experiment was carried out with a single-cylinder air-cooled four-stroke diesel generator fueled with diesel and biodiesel under the EGR rate of 0,16%and 28%,respectively,and the economy,the oxynitride(NOx),hydrocarbon(HC)and carbon monoxide(CO)emission characteristics and the light absorption coefficient of exhaust were tested and analyzed.The secondary fuel tank was added on the diesel engine,the fuel supply and test system and the exhaust gas recirculation pipe were refited.In the tests,diesel was commercially available No.0 diesel,and biodiesel was produced by Yunnan Ying-Ding Bioenergy Company from waste oil.The results showed that appropriate EGR rate may slightly reduce diesel fuel consumption,for small load corresponded to a smaller EGR rate and high load corresponded to a larger EGR rate.Biodiesel fuel consumption was higher than diesel,and the average biodiesel fuel consumption in volume was about 9%,10%and 17%higher than that of diesel,respectively,when using 0,16%and 28%EGR rate.With the increase of EGR rate,the NOxemission reduced.The NOxemission could be reduced by about 17%and 35%when fueled with diesel,and could be reduced by about 10%and 24%when fueled with biodiesel under the 16%and 28%EGR rate respectively compared to that under the zero EGR rate.Moreover,biodiesel NOxemission was about 6.5%and 17%higher than diesel under the 16%and28%EGR rate respectively.With the increase of EGR rate,HC emission increased obviously when fueled with diesel.HC emission when using biodiesel was dereased by about 6%on average than that using diesel under the 16%EGR rate,and by about 28.5%under the 28%EGR rate.The CO emission was higher at no load,the lowest at middle-high load,and the highest at full load.The CO emission decreased gradually from no load to middle-high load,and increased significantly form middle-high load to full load.With the increase of EGR rate,the CO emission increased obviously when fueled with diesel and increased slightly when fueled with biodiesel.Biodiesel CO emission was slightly lower than diesel from low load to middle-high load under the 0 and 16%EGR rate,and obviously lower than diesel at every load under the 28%EGR rate.Moreover,the CO emission of biodiesel was about 24%lower than that of diesel on average under the 28%EGR rate.The light absorption coefficient of exhaust was lower at no load and middle-high load.The light absorption coefficient firstly increased obviously from no load to low-middle load,then decreased gradually to middle-high load,and then increased significantly to full load.With the increase of EGR rate,the light absorption coefficient increased when fueled with biodiesel,however the trend was not obvious when fueled with diesel.The light absorption coefficient of biodiesel was higher than that of diesel at small and medium engine load.Compared with the vehicle diesel engine,diesel generator’s rotation speed was more stable,and the scope and frequency of load changes were lower.Therefor biodiesel is more readily available in the practical application of diesel generators.

【Keywords】 diesel engines; generator; biodiesel; exhaust gas recirculation; economy; emission performance; light absorption coefficient;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Natural Science Foundation of China (51366002) Joint Fund of National Natural United Foundation of China and Department of Science and Technology of Guizhou Province(LKG[2013]57) Support Program for Excellent Talents of Science and Technology of Department of Education of Guizhou Province, China (2013071)

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(Translated by LIU T)

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This Article

ISSN:1002-6819

CN:11-2047/S

Vol 31, No. 24, Pages 23-29

December 2015

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 0 Introduction
  • 1 Test device and fuel properties
  • 2 Test process
  • 3 Test results and analysis
  • 4 Discussion and analysis
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References