Research on the public service system of youth sports in developed countries

HU Yajing1 LIU Mingyi1 YAN Yaru1 KONG Nianxin1 GONG Haipei1 ZHANG Yiheng2 WANG Mei3

(1.Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan, China 430079)
(2.China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan, China 430074)
(3.China Institute of Sport Science, General Administration of Sport of China, Beijing, China 100061)

【Abstract】Taking the United Kingdom and the United States as examples, this paper analyzes six representative policies including “A Sporting Future for All” and “Healthy People 2020,” and explores the top-level planning and implementation paths of public services for youth sports in developed countries in light of the policy-making bodies and policy content. This study finds that the youth sports public service systems in developed countries consist of an organization system with a clear-cut hierarchy, sport activities that follow the characteristics of the youth, and integrate different physical qualities, a participation mechanism of sports activities within and after schools, construction of facilities and venues featuring sports theme parks, and cultivation of the elite talents by joint efforts. On the basis of strengthening the government’s main responsibilities and service functions, China’s youth sports public service system should be guided by creating a good public service environment, optimizing organizational service capabilities, and creating high-quality public services, reconstruct the divisions of functions of the government, society and market with an open mind, handle the relationships between in and after schools, sports and education, physical literacy and lifelong sports with the goal of governing innovation, and guide market institutions to participate in the supply of youth sports public services as a social responsibility, so as to build a high-quality youth sports public service system.

【Keywords】 developed country; youth sports; sports public service ; the UK; the US;

【DOI】

【Funds】 The National Social Science Fund of China (17BTY002) Project of the Department of Youth Sports of the General Administration of Sport of China Special Position Plan for Students of Wuhan Donghu University Wuhan Sports University: Scientific Research and Innovation Team by the Young and the Middle-aged

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(Translated by FANG fang)

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This Article

ISSN:1000-677X

CN:11-1295/G8

Vol 39, No. 12, Pages 25-33+61

December 2019

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Article Outline

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Abstract

  • 0 Introduction
  • 1 Theoretical framework of youth sports public service system in developed countries
  • 2 Implementation paths of youth sports public service in developed countries
  • 3 Lessons from the experience of the management of youth sports public service in developed countries
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References