Research on the public service system of youth sports in developed countries
(2.China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan, China 430074)
(3.China Institute of Sport Science, General Administration of Sport of China, Beijing, China 100061)
【Abstract】Taking the United Kingdom and the United States as examples, this paper analyzes six representative policies including “A Sporting Future for All” and “Healthy People 2020,” and explores the top-level planning and implementation paths of public services for youth sports in developed countries in light of the policy-making bodies and policy content. This study finds that the youth sports public service systems in developed countries consist of an organization system with a clear-cut hierarchy, sport activities that follow the characteristics of the youth, and integrate different physical qualities, a participation mechanism of sports activities within and after schools, construction of facilities and venues featuring sports theme parks, and cultivation of the elite talents by joint efforts. On the basis of strengthening the government’s main responsibilities and service functions, China’s youth sports public service system should be guided by creating a good public service environment, optimizing organizational service capabilities, and creating high-quality public services, reconstruct the divisions of functions of the government, society and market with an open mind, handle the relationships between in and after schools, sports and education, physical literacy and lifelong sports with the goal of governing innovation, and guide market institutions to participate in the supply of youth sports public services as a social responsibility, so as to build a high-quality youth sports public service system.
【Keywords】 developed country; youth sports; sports public service ; the UK; the US;
(Translated by FANG fang)
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