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数字经济对粤港澳大湾区高质量发展的驱动

万晓琼1 王少龙2

(1.中国人民大学书报资料中心)
(2.中国人民大学应用经济学院)

【摘要】粤港澳大湾区经济发展水平和对外开放程度较高,其高质量发展不仅可以促进国内大循环的构建,也可实现更高水平的对外开放。数字经济一方面可促进我国超大规模市场的形成和内需潜力的释放,另一方面也可使我国积极参与全球价值链重构,实现“双循环”相互促进。因此,数字经济和粤港澳大湾区高质量发展将引领我国新发展格局的形成。基于粤港澳大湾区在数字经济方面的优势和数字经济特点,数字经济将助力粤港澳大湾区高质量发展:第一,数字经济将弱化地理因素影响,使大湾区内价值链布局区域化和碎片化,优化产业空间布局;通过大数据平台提升资源配置效率,减少大湾区内部产业同质化现象。第二,数字经济可以破除地区壁垒,降低三地生产要素流通成本,弱化行政界线,提高创新要素流动效率;利用数字技术实现三地科技人才“云流动”,并通过重构全球价值链形成“虹吸全球资源+汇聚全球智慧+协同创新”的创新格局。第三,数字经济通过整合资源推动形成三地统一大市场,促进经济发展;利用数字技术实现大湾区产业分散化和收入分配合理化,提升公共服务均等化水平,缩小区域收入差距并扩大中等收入群体,实现大湾区共同富裕。

【关键词】 粤港澳大湾区;数字经济;新发展格局;高质量发展;

【DOI】

The driving force of digital economy for high-quality development in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

WAN Xiaoqiong1 WANG Shaolong2

(1.Information Center for Social Science, Renmin University of China)
(2.School of Applied Economics, Renmin University of China)

【Abstract】The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (shortened and known as the Greater Bay Area) has a high level of economic development and a high degree of openness, and its high-quality development can not only promote the construction of the domestic circulation, but also achieve a higher level of openness. The digital economy is a new economic form based on blockchain, artificial intelligence, big data, and other new-generation digital technology. The continuous expansion of the scale of the digital economy provides a new engine and momentum for the high-quality development of China’s economy. Based on the characteristics of the digital economy and the development status of the Greater Bay Area, this paper analyzes and discusses that the digital economy and the high-quality development of the Greater Bay Area will lead the formation of China’s new development pattern. First, the digital economy can improve the operational efficiency of enterprises and form economies of scale; second, it can improve the efficiency of resource allocation and form a situation of integration and innovation; and third, it can weaken the boundaries of traditional industries, break through the limitations of time and space, and produce economies of scope. Therefore, on the one hand, the digital economy can promote the connection and cooperation of all kinds of market entities, improve the efficiency of resource allocation, and promote the formation of China’s super-large-scale market and the release of the potential domestic demand; and on the other hand, it can also enable China to actively participate in the reconstruction of the global industrial chain and supply chain, constantly enhance China’s economic strength and scientific and technological innovation capability, and realize the “dual circulation” to promote each other. The Greater Bay Area’s collaborative innovation and high-quality development are in line with China’s “dual circulation” development strategy. First of all, the Greater Bay Area has a good manufacturing foundation, strong scientific research and innovation strength, a large economic scale, and a wide range of radiation, which can greatly promote effective investment, expand domestic demand, and facilitate the formation of the domestic circulation. Secondly, the Greater Bay Area is in the forward position of China’s reform and opening up. In the previous development of the international circulation, Guangdong’s manufacturing capability has been continuously improved and its participation in foreign trade has been increasing. At the present stage, with the help of Hong Kong and Macao, two cities with high degrees of openness, we can make use of international high-quality resources to form an international circulation of “gathering global resources + collaborative innovation” so as to lead the formation of China’s new development pattern. The Greater Bay Area occupies a dominant position in the reserve of digital talents, basic data resources, and the foundation of the digital industry. Based on the Greater Bay Area’s advantages in the digital economy and the characteristics of the digital economy, the digital economy will contribute to the Greater Bay Area’s high-quality development. First, the digital economy will weaken the influence of geographical factors, regionalize and fragment the layout of the value chain in the Greater Bay Area, optimize the spatial layout of industries, improve the efficiency of resource allocation through a big data platform, and reduce the phenomenon of industrial homogenization in the Greater Bay Area. Second, the digital economy can break down regional barriers, reduce the circulation cost of factors of production in the three places, weaken administrative boundaries, and improve the flow efficiency of innovative factors. It can also realize the “cloud flow” of scientific and technological talents in the three places by using digital technology and form an innovation pattern of “siphoning global resources + gathering global wisdom + collaborative innovation” through the reconstruction of the global value chain. Third, the digital economy promotes the formation of a unified market in the three places through the integration of resources, and promotes economic development. It also uses digital technology to achieve industrial decentralization and rationalization of income distribution in the Greater Bay Area, makes access to public services more equal, narrows the regional income gap, and expands middle-income groups to achieve common prosperity in the Great Bay Area.

【Keywords】 Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area; digital economy; new developmental pattern; high-quality development;

【DOI】

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ISSN:1672-7320

CN:42-1071/C

Vol , No. 03, Pages 115-123

May 2022

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